Connecticut, a small state in the northeastern region of the United States, is right on the eastern coast of the country. This state has a predominantly humid continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers. Towards the southern part of the state, on the coast, the climate is more temperate/subtropical, meaning that it has more seasonal extremes caused by the Atlantic Ocean. These seasonal extremes, and the temperature variance between seasons in Connecticut can be a problem for foundations. Residents of Connecticut should have any foundation problems repaired immediately by a professional foundation repair contractor.
The moisture content of the soil greatly affects the foundation of your home, and is one of the primary factors in foundation failure. Common causes of foundation problems in Connecticut include:
Foundation settlement and foundation shifting are two of the most common foundation issues. These problems happen when the foundation moves due to soil conditions, or poor drainage. Foundation movement can cause a variety of structural problems in all areas of the home, and is normally accompanied by the formation of foundation cracks. If the foundation of your home shifts or settles, it may lead to bowing or leaning foundation walls, wet basement, foundation cracks, and pest infestation. Other symptoms of a foundation problem in your home include:
There are a couple of options for bowing and leaning foundation walls – plate anchors orhelical tiebacks. Plate anchors can be installed in the ground adjacent to the bowing wall and attached using a metal rod and a plate that apply pressure to pull the wall back into place. Helical tiebacks are large, screw-like devices that are installed form the inside of the foundation walls and apply horizontal pressure to the wall.
For the repair of settling foundations, most foundation repair contractors install underpinning devices such as steel push piers or helical piers. These piers are driven deep underground to support the weight of the structure while raising the foundation to the proper position. The main difference between the piers is that steel piers are driven into the ground, while helical piers are screwed in.