Interior Basement Drainage Systems
When it comes to draining water from around and under basements there is a single preferred method and a whole host of less desirable methods. This preferred method is named many things but has a few basic elements that engineers and professional waterproofing contractors prefer.
- Sealed System
- Pitched Drain Piping
- Cold Joint Drainage
- Below Slab Drainage
Protect Your Home from Water Damage
First of all, any plumbing system must be sealed from the living area to prevent increasing humidity levels which can lead to mold growth, higher radon levels, and bacteria growth. This can be seen in many older homes. They have a damp and musty cellar smell due to poor drainage and open cavities in floors and walls.
Secondly, any plumbing system must be based on the simple principle that water, among other things, flows downhill. Without positive slope and pitch, water will sit in place rather than flowing downhill to a collection point where it can be directed away from the foundation.
Next, water enters a basement from a path of least resistance. Often times this path is the cold joint between the footing and wall. Water can migrate through this joint due to pressure caused by the downward force that saturated soils place on the footing.
Install an Interior Basement Drainage System
So, with this information in hand, it becomes very simple to determine the best interior basement drainage system. The system must be closed or sealed from the living space. This will include a sealed sump pit and sealed piping system that is laid around the perimeter of the basement walls. Many systems have open backs designed to capture water that is running down the walls. These open back systems will capture wall water but remember if things can get in, they can also get out. These open-backed systems allow water vapor and radon an easy path to your living space. Closed or sealed systems prevent this from happening by their very nature of being sealed from living spaces.
More Solutions for Waterproofing
Also, if you place a drainage pipe, along with a bed of clean gravel, next to the footing you will gather the water before it comes in contact with the basement floor. By doing this you can prevent floor heaving and cracking. Open-backed systems that sit on top of footings must have the water rise above the bottom of the concrete floor before they can accept any water. Closed systems allow water to enter much earlier. Since they are next to the footing they can be pitched toward a sump pit for collection and discharge.
Keep the above items in mind and demand that the proper techniques are used when you get waterproofing. Now that you know what must be included with your new basement drainage system. Ask questions and do not be fooled by their slick answers.